Antidepressants are medications that systemically improve the patient’s condition, relieve symptoms of depression: emotional disorders, motor and cognitive impairment (memory, attention, thinking), as well as somatic and autonomic manifestations of depression.
Antidepressants may also be effective in treating anxiety, eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, autonomic crises, while eliminating the pain of various origins, such as rheumatism, because antidepressants usually raise the pain threshold.
An antidepressant choice for the treatment of depression is determined primarily by the clinical picture of the disease, although it should be borne in mind that those antidepressants that have been effective in the past or worked successfully for the patient’s family members are likely to be most effective. Often the selection of antidepressant, adequate to the patient’s condition takes a sufficiently long time and takes an average of two to three weeks, in case of correcting the dosage, this period may be extended up to six to eight weeks.
It takes patience from both the doctor and the patient, both in terms of the desired effect, and intelligent tactics in case of side effects. Typically, side effects appear in the first days of therapy, and their severity can be reduced by changing the dose or appointing correctors.